César Augusto Baldi

Cesar Augusto Baldi is PhD candidate at Pablo Olavide University (Spain), advisor to the Brazilian Regional Federal Court 4th Region and the editor of Direitos humanos na sociedade cosmoplita [Human Rights in Cosmopolitan Society] (Renovar, 2004).

Our North is the South: A New Human Rights Agenda?

It has become more or less acceptable in the critical field, when working with contributions from Latin America, to use the map created by the Uruguayan Joaquín García in 1943 that shows the South facing upwards. It is not often recalled that, already in 1154, Al Idrisi had anticipated the convention of placing the South…

Lessons from Gaza: Human Rights (2009/2014)

Gaza represents much more than a metaphor for other ongoing struggles. According to UN Human Rights High Commissioner, Navi Pillay, “there appears to be a deliberate defiance on the part of Israel in complying with its international obligations. We should not allow this kind of impunity. We should not allow this to go uninvestigated, or…

Decolonizing the Teaching of Human Rights?

Mestizaje - Guayasamin

According to the new Bolivian constitution, education is “one of the most important functions and primary financial responsibilities of the State”; it is “unitary, public, universal, democratic, participatory, communitarian, decolonizing and of quality” (art. 78, I); and, throughout the entire educational system, it is “intra-cultural, inter-cultural and multi-lingual” (art. 78, II), where its “inter-cultural character…

Sumak Kawsay, Interculturality and Decolonialization

Many commentators have been highlighting the novelty of the Ecuadorian constitution’s recognition of the right to nature and even the concepts of buen vivir and sumak kawsay (‘good living’ in Spanish and Quechua respectively), analyzing them as though they were simple variations of liberal concepts that can be found in other Latin American constitutions. However,…

New Latin American Constitutionalism: Challenging Eurocentrism & Decolonizing History

In the year in which the Colombian constitution celebrates its 20th anniversary, the topic of new Latin American constitutionalism seems to have been gathering significant attention. But there are, specifically, notable divergences over its characterization and periodization, with some bearing epistemological marks. According to Viciano Pastor and Dalmau Martinez, this new constitutionalism would be characterized…