Ari Hirvonen

Ari Hirvonen is Pro­fessor in Jur­is­pru­dence, Fac­ulty of Law, Uni­ver­sity of Hel­sinki, Finland.

Refugee Struggles: From Helsinki to Paris

Even if refugees have lost their political community, their “society of equals” comprising “reciprocity and commonness” and “mutual agreements and promises,” as Hannah Arendt says, they are able to become and act as political subjects. Refugees create new kinds of political communities through their collective actions. These events generate the “we” of political subjects between…