Boaventura de Sousa Santos

Boaventura de Sousa Santos is Professor of Sociology at the School of Economics, University of Coimbra (Portugal), Distinguished Legal Scholar at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Law School and Global Legal Scholar at the University of Warwick.
What now, Brazil?

What now, Brazil?

The words that come to mind the most are astonishment and perplexity. The Brazilian government has slipped into the abyss of absurdity, into an absolute trivialization of abuse and aggression, into a gross violation of the most basic rules of democratic coexistence —...

The Age of Pardon or the Age of Aggression?

The Age of Pardon or the Age of Aggression?

Throughout the 20th century there were frequent apologies and claims for reparations for the atrocities committed in the context of the relations between peoples and countries, as illustrated by Germany's initiatives with regard to the Holocaust and by the US response...

Brazil in Danger: Three Time Bombs

Brazil in Danger: Three Time Bombs

Brazilian democracy is on the brink of the abyss. The institutional coup that was set in motion with President Dilma Rousseff’s impeachment and led to the unjust imprisonment of former President Lula da Silva is all but complete. The consummation of the coup has...

The New Thesis Eleven

The New Thesis Eleven

Domination rests to such a degree on the society/nature duality that no liberation struggle will ever succeed unless that duality is overcome. Descartes Remix (CC) In 1845, shortly after he published the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844, Karl Marx wrote...

The Left and Catalonia

The Left and Catalonia

How a Left position regarding the Catalonia referendum on 1 Oct 2017 could present itself juridically and politically The Catalonia referendum this Sunday will become part of the history of Europe, possibly for the worst of reasons. I will not discuss here the...