Karl Marx: Alienation

Karl Marx: Alienation

Key Concept The Marxian concept of alienation (Entäußerung)  or estrangement (Entfremdung) is one of the most discussed notions in the history of modern social and political theory. There is a long history of the term before Marx, from the giusnaturalistic...
Roland Barthes: Myth

Roland Barthes: Myth

Key Concept Human communication is multi-layered, as our language relies on complicated systems of signification; for example uttering a given statement using specific terminology might indicate the ideological tendencies of the speaker. And like any other...
Pierre Bourdieu: Habitus

Pierre Bourdieu: Habitus

Key Concept In Outline of a Theory of Practice (1977) Pierre Bourdieu provides a framework both for understanding the way that cultural settings (re)produce the means of their own production, and for analysing the effect of this (re)production on the particular...
Giorgio Agamben: Stasis

Giorgio Agamben: Stasis

Key Concept At a time when the world seems to be rejecting the universalist neo-liberal logic of governance to embrace various modes of cultural, political, socio-economical, and juridical nationalisms, an engagement with Giorgio Agamben’s concept of stasis becomes...